Stock Prices Are Adjusted for Cash Dividends and Stock Splits

The closing price that accounts for dividend payments, stock splits or the issuance of extra shares is known as the adjusted closing price. Compared to the closing price, which displays how much investors pay for claims at the close of a trading day, the adjusted closing price of a corporation provides a more accurate indicator of the stock’s value.

What is the Adjusted Closing Price? 

The closing and modified prices have been used to express stock values. The raw price is the one at the close. In this context, it refers to the final transacted price before the market shuts in cash. Anything impacting the stock value after the market closes for the day is included in the adjusted closing price.

Typically, market participants’ supply and demand impact a stock’s price. In addition, the price of a stock can be impacted by company actions, including stock splits, dividends, and suitable offerings. As a result, investors might obtain a precise stock price record using adjustments. In addition, adjustments would give the investor an accurate history of the performance of the asset.

The Adjusted Closing Price is determined in what manner?

Dividends, correct issues, and splits are calculated differently and have distinct effects on the Adjusted Closing Price.

The Adjusted Closing Price in the case of dividends would be Rs. 198 if ABC Ltd. announced a compensation of Rs. 2 per share and traded at Rs. 200.

The Adjusted Closing Price significantly changes when the equities are divided, either falling or rising. For example, suppose a firm decides to split its stock in a 2:1 ratio, and the price of a stock is now trading at Rs. 100. In that case, the new Adjusted Closing Price will be Rs. 50.

Now, doubling the number of outstanding shares in the market while maintaining the same market capitalization. The market’s supply is diluted if fair shares are provided. The Adjusted Closing Price will be rejected as a result.

The Benefits of Adjusted Closing Price

Using the Adjusted Closing Price has the following benefits:

Accurate Returns

Calculating returns is the primary advantage of Adjusted Closing Price. It is challenging to assess the actual returns based on the closing price. For instance, good corporations frequently divide their shares, which impacts the return graph. An investor does not lose half of his investment if a corporation divides its shares. Adjusted Closing Price is a superior method to determine returns at such intricacies.

Contrasts with other asset types

Adjusted Closing Price’s second advantage is that it makes it easier to compare the long-term investment returns for two or more asset types. However, the closing price does not consider dividend payments, which will lower profitability when determining returns.

To address the implications of important events, if any, the Adjusted Closing Price provides a better picture for assessing returns on investment.


Investors should comprehend how the stock’s adjusted closing price considers business activities. It is particularly crucial when analyzing historical returns since it offers analysts a precise idea of the firm’s equity worth.

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